ZHEJIANG WU DIALECT FEATURES: DISYLLABIC WORDS WITH REFLEXES OF MIDDLE CHINESE YINPING TONES ON BOTH SYLLABLES

Below is a list of Zhejiang dialect sites with acoustic data from 109 speakers on disyllabic words all with tones on both constituent morphemes which are reflexes of the Middle Chinese yinping (Ia) tone.

Left-click on the 'Play/Pause buttons to listen (will not work with Internet Explorer; sorry: should work with Chrome and Firefox. The figures show individual values (F0 as function of duration) with dotted lines. They can be expanded for inspection by left-clicking once on them. Solid red lines indicate means. Most figures also have a list of the words with a provisional phonemic representation of the segmentals. A second click will contract the figure.

The left column contains information on informant's age, date of recording and investigator (ZXN = Prof. ZHU Xiaonong, WB = Prof. William BALLARD, PR = Phil ROSE). Capital letters indicate the county (县), and if no additional location is given this refers to the county town/city. Additional information in lower-case indicates a site other than the county town.

SITE & RECORDING DETAILS Ia + Ia      

XIAOSHAN 萧山

Young female recorded 2007 by ZXN.

     

TONGXIANG - Shiqiao 桐乡史桥

Young male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

SHAOXING 绍兴

Middle-aged male recorded 2007 by PR

c.f. Qian (1992: 648) = [33.52]. cit Ia = 52

     

SHAOXING 绍兴

Middle-aged male recorded 2007 by ZXN

     

ZHENHAI - Qingshuipu 镇海清水浦

65 y.o female recorded 1977 by PR

     

ZHENHAI 镇海

70 y.o female recorded ca. 1986 by Xu Weiyuan for PR

     

ZHENHAI 镇海

ca. 30 y.o. female recorded ca. 1986 by Xu Weiyuan for PR

     

ZHENHAI 镇海

62 y.o. male recorded 1977 by PR

     

SHANGHAI-ZHENHAI 上海镇海

ca. 30 y.o. female recorded 1975 by PR

     

SHANGHAI-ZHENHAI 上海镇海

ca. 25 y.o. male recorded 1973 by PR

     

NINGBO 宁波

ca. 60 y.o. male recorded 1977 by PR

c.f. Qian (1992: 652) = [33.51] cit Ia = 52

     

NINGBO 宁波

ca. 60 y.o. male recorded 1977 by PR

     

NINGBO 宁波

23 y.o. male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

NINGBO 宁波

recordings edited by PR from CD accompanying the book 贾军教你说宁波话 [Jia Jun teaches you to speak Ningbo dialect] (2009)

     

NINGBO 宁波

ca. 40 y.o. male recorded 1978 by PR

     

SHANGHAI-NINGBO 上海宁波

ca. 55 y.o. male recorded 1977 by PR

     

CIXI 慈溪

ca. 60 y.o. male recorded 1977 by PR
     

CIXI 慈溪

20 y.o. female recorded 2010 by PR

     

DAISHAN 岱山

35 y.o. male recorded 1987 by Prof. Takako Toda for her 1989 Australian National University First Class Honours Lingusitics thesis: "Daishan Tone Sandhi - An Acoustically-based description and Phonological Analysis."

     

DAISHAN 岱山

25 y.o. female recorded 1987 by Prof. Takako Toda

     

DINGHAI 定海

ca.50 y.o. male recorded 1978 by PR

     

DINGHAI - Putuoshan 定海普陀山

ca. 30 y.o. male recorded 2007 by ZXN

     

DONGYANG - Huluzhen 东阳虎鹿镇

19 y.o. female recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

FENGHUA 奉化

ca. 55 y.o. male recorded 1978 by PR
     

YUYAO - Xinxin 余姚新新

74 y.o. male recorded 2018 by Xu Zhijing for PR

     

NINGHAI 宁海

31 y.o. male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

NINGHAI - Minggangzhen 宁海明港镇

26 y.o. male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

XIANGSHAN - Shipuzhen 象山石浦镇

25 y.o. female recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

XIANGSHAN - Xixiang 象山西乡

ca. 60 y.o. male recorded 1978 by PR

     

XIANGSHAN - Danchengzhen 象山丹城镇

35 y.o. male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

XIANGSHAN - Gongyuyucun 象山公屿渔村

21 y.o. female recorded 1997-8-7 by ZXN

     

XIANGSHAN - Juexizhen 象山爵溪镇

21 y.o. female recorded 1997-8-5 by ZXN

(this is the same speaker as previous, but speaking slightly different variety)

     

XIANJU 仙居

25 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

XIANJU - Zhuxizhen 仙居朱溪镇

young female recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

XIANJU -Baitazhen 仙居白塔镇

young male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

YONGKANG - Fangyan 永康方岩

23 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

YONGKANG 永康

23 y.o. female recorded 1988 by WB

     

YONGKANG 永康

58 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

QUZHOU 衢州

51 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

PUJIANG - Yangzhai 浦江洋宅

20 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

PUJIANG - 浦江

21 y.o. female recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

WUYI 武义

23 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

WUYI - Liuchengzhen 武义柳城镇

self-styled as speaker of Huanping 宣平 dialect

21 y.o. female recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

LANXI 兰溪

ca. 30 y.o. male recorded 1988 by PR

     

JINHUA- Shanqiao 金华山桥

23 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

JINHUA 金华

48 y.o. female recorded 1988 by WB

     

JINHUA - Tangxi 金华 汤溪

22 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

YIWU - Chi'an 义乌赤岸

21 y.o. female recorded 1997 by ZXN

   

YIWU - Maodian 义乌毛店

27 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

   

LINHAI Genglou 临海梗楼

22 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

LINHAI 临海

young female recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

HUANGYAN-Toutuo 黄岩 头陀

21 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

HUANGYAN 黄岩

young female recorded 1997 by ZXN

c.f. Qian (1992: 653) = [35.51] cit Ia = 523

     

HUANGYAN 黄岩

38 y.o. female recorded 1997 by ZXN

c.f. Qian (1992: 653) = [35.51] cit Ia = 523

     

LINHAI - Qiansuo 临海前所 (Tong Caohui)

young male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

LINHAI - Jiaojiang 临海椒江

young male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

WENLING 温岭

26 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

WENLING - Chumenzhen 温岭楚门镇

Young male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

PAN'AN -Weixin 磐安维新

20 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

SUICHANG - Jinzhu 遂昌金竹

19 y.o. male recorded 1997 by ZXN's assistant

     

SONGYANG 松阳

25 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

LISHUI 丽水

22 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

LISHUI 丽水

50 y.o. male recorded 1997 by ZXN's assistant

     

LISHUI - 丽水

22 y.o. male recorded in 2007 by Dr. William Steed in as part of his 2010 Australian National University Ph.D. thesis: "Lishui Wu Tone and Tone Sandhi - an Acoustically-based description."

     

( Shuanghuang-accented) LISHUI - 带双黄口音的丽水话

22 y.o. female recorded 1997 by ZXN

speaker is said to speak Lishui with a Shuanghuang accent

     

LISHUI - Shuangxi 丽水双溪

20 y.o. female recorded 1999 by ZXN

     

LISHUI - Shuanghuang 丽水双黄

young female recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

LISHUI - Bihu 丽水碧湖

25 y.o. female recorded 1999 by ZXN

     

LISHUI - Fengyuan 丽水峰源

41 y.o. male recorded 199(7?) by ZXN's assistant

     

LISHUI - Dagangtou 丽水

23 y.o. male recorded 199(9?) by ZXN's assistant

     

LISHUI - Laozhu 丽水老竹

18 y.o. female recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

JINYUN - Rongjiang 缙云溶江

21 y.o. female recorded 1990 by ZXN

     

JINYUN - Xinjianzhen 缙云新建镇

33 y.o. male recorded 199(7?) by ZXN's assistant

     

LONGQUAN 龙泉

20 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

LONGQUAN 龙泉

19 y.o. male recorded 199(7?) by ZXN's assistant

     

LONGQUAN - Shangyangzhen 龙泉上yang2 镇

19 y.o. female recorded 199(7?) by ZXN's assistant

     

LONGQUAN - Anren (Ji Liming) 龙泉安仁

20 y.o. male recorded 199(7?) by ZXN's assistant

     

QINGYUAN - Huangtian 庆元黄田

77 y.o. male recorded 199(7?) by ZXN's assistant

     

QINGYUAN - Jianggen 庆元江根

45 y.o. male recorded 1999 by ZXN

     

QINGYUAN - Sishan 庆元四山

67 y.o. male recorded 1999 by ZXN

     

JINGNING -Yingchuanzhen 景宁英川镇

21 y.o. female recorded 1999 by ZXN

     

JINGNING - Dashunxiang 景宁大顺乡

16 y.o. female recorded 1999 by ZXN

     

JINGNING 景宁

21 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

JINGNING 景宁

17 y.o. female recorded 199(7?) by ZXN's assistant

     

TAISHUN 泰顺

20 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

YUNHE 云和

51 y.o. female recorded 1999 by ZXN's assistant

     

YUNHE - Shaxixiang 云和沙溪乡

20 y.o. female recorded 199(9?) by ZXN's assistant

     

YUNHE - Chishi 云和赤石

19 y.o. female recorded 199(9?) by ZXN's assistant

speaker is bilingual in Wu/S.Min

     

QINGTIAN - Linggen 青田岭根

23 y.o. female recorded 199(9?) by ZXN's assistant

     

QINGTIAN 青田

56 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

QINGTIAN - Haixixiang 青田海溪乡

18 y.o. female recorded 199(9?) by ZXN's assistant

     

QINGTIAN - Beishan 青田北山

22 y.o. female recorded 199(9?) by ZXN's assistant

     

QINGTIAN - Zhenbu 青田祯埠镇

21 y.o. female recorded 1999 by ZXN

     

QINGTIAN - Fangshan (Qiu Wanou)

19 y.o. male recorded 199(9?) by ZXN's assistant

     

YONGJIA - Yingkengxiang 永嘉应坑乡

male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

YONGJIA - Huatan 永嘉花坦

male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

YONGJIA - Tantouyang 永嘉坦头yang2

young female recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

YONGJIA - Xixixiang 永嘉西溪乡

young male recorded 1997 by ZXN

     

YONGJIA 永嘉 (Shen Jingbiao by Ballard)

20 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

XIANGYANG 象阳

young male recorded 1990 by WB

[brother of following]

     

XIANGYANG 象阳

24 y.o. female recorded 1990 by WB

[sister of previous]

 

     

WENZHOU (Hu Fen)

young female recorded 2007 by PR

     

WENZHOU 温州

young male recorded 2011 by PR

     

WENZHOU 温州

34 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

PINGYANG 平阳

26 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

PINGYANG 平阳

young female recorded 2011 by PR

     

WENCHENG 文成

22 y.o. male recorded 1988 by WB

     

HANGZHOU

(Qian 1992: 647)

[32.23]

cit Ia = 323

HUZHOU-SHUANGLIN

(Qian 1992: 646)

[44.44]

cit Ia = 44

JIAXING

(Qian 1992: 645)

[44.51]

cit Ia = 51

ZHUJI-WANGJIAJING

(Qian 1992: 649)

[52.42]

cit Ia = 544

SHENGXIAN-TAIPINGXIANG

(Qian 1992: 650)

[55.31]

cit Ia = 523

SHENGXIAN-CHONGREN

(Qian 1992: 650)

[55.23] / [55.52] / [32.23]

cit Ia = 533 / 523