Wenzhou 温州 (甌江Oujiang subgroup)

Recording of a 34 year-old male (b. 1954) made by Prof. William Ballard in 1988. The informant was born in Ruian, a county to the south of Wenzhou, but moved to Wenzhou when 3 years old. You can look at the tonal acoustics at the same time as listening to them. The data have been analysed in several papers.

For his eight citation tones click here.

Wencheng 文成 (甌江Oujiang subgroup)

Recording of a 21 year-old male (b. 1967) made by Prof. William Ballard in 1988. The informant was born in Wencheng and lived there until 19 years old. You can look at the tonal acoustics at the same time as listening to them. A paper is also available with a detailed analysis of the data.

For his seven citation tones click here.

For his right-dominant disyllabic tone sandhi, click here.

For a paper with a detailed analysis of the data, click here.

Maodian 毛店 (婺州 Wuzhou subgroup)

Recording of a 27 year-old male (b. 1961) made by Professor W.L. Ballard in August 1988 at Ehime university in Japan. The informant was born in Maodian and lived there until 17. You can look at the tonal acoustics at the same time as listening to them.

For his nine citation tones, and comments on what is interesting about them, click here.

For his disyllabic tone sandhi, and comments on what is interesting about them, click here.

A paper is also available here with an analysis of some of the data.